vivien leigh death photos

Leigh made both her onstage and film debuts in 1935. The couple continued to appear together onstage, but their performances suffered as a result of their increasing lack of chemistry. [59][c] Critics were hostile in their assessment of Romeo and Juliet. Biography and associated logos are trademarks of A+E Networksprotected in the US and other countries around the globe. A Timeline of Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier's Tragic Love Story, six-month tour of Australia and New Zealand, took her first major step into the public eye, Lord Larry: A Personal Portrait of Laurence Olivier, first British woman to win a best actress Oscar, Your Privacy Choices: Opt Out of Sale/Targeted Ads. [103], In 1959, when she achieved a success with the Nol Coward comedy Look After Lulu!, a critic working for The Times described her as "beautiful, delectably cool and matter of fact, she is mistress of every situation".[104]. From then on, Leigh was taken with Oliviers charm and magnetism, according to Vivien Leigh: A Biography, and Olivier was drawn to her in a way he was with no other woman. She was the only child of Ernest Richard Hartley, a British broker, and his wife, Gertrude Mary Frances (ne Yackjee; she also used her mother's maiden name of Robinson). Leigh and Olivier went on to star together in films such as 21 Days Together (1940) and That Hamilton Woman (1941), as well as a stage performance of Romeo and Juliet on Broadway. Not for anyone's ear but your own: it's narrowed down to Paulette Goddard, Jean Arthur, Joan Bennett and Vivien Leigh". Leigh became the first British woman to win a best actress Oscar for her performance as Scarlett OHara. Nevertheless, she believed strongly in the importance of the work. [12][13] She was removed from the school by her father, and travelling with her parents for four years, she attended schools in Europe, notably in Dinard (Brittany, France), Biarritz (France), the Sacred Heart in San Remo on the Italian Riviera, and in Paris, becoming fluent in both French and Italian. [e] Later recounting her work, Kramer remembered her courage in taking on the difficult role, "She was ill, and the courage to go ahead, the courage to make the filmwas almost unbelievable. There, she met and fell in love with Laurence Olivier, a respected actor who, like Leigh, already happened to be married. Even after his marriage to Plowright, Olivier held Leigh dear in his heart for the rest of his life. Browse 15 vivian leigh wedding photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more photos and images. [141], Leigh was portrayed by American actress Morgan Brittany in The Day of the Locust (1975), Gable and Lombard (1976) and The Scarlett O'Hara War (1980). And it took me years to learn enough to live up to what they said for those first notices. "[50] The film won 10 Academy Awards including a Best Actress award for Leigh,[52] who also won a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress. [90], In 1951, Leigh and Laurence Olivier performed two plays about Cleopatra, William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, alternating the play each night and winning good reviews. Vivien Leigh was a British actress who achieved film immortality by playing two of American literature's most celebrated Southern belles, Scarlett O'Hara and Blanche DuBois. Olivier admitted he had settled for Esmond out of fear he wouldnt do any better than her. [7], In 1917, Ernest Hartley was transferred to Bangalore as an officer in the Indian Cavalry, while Gertrude and Vivian stayed in Ootacamund. Half an hour later, he checked in to find her body on the ground. [116][g], Her death was publicly announced on 8 July, and the lights of every theatre in central London were extinguished for an hour. [1], Leigh was born Vivian Mary Hartley[2] on 5 November 1913 in British India on the campus of St. Paul's School in Darjeeling, Bengal Presidency. Without apparent provocation, she began screaming at him before suddenly becoming silent and staring into space. Eventually, Oliviers success spread to Leigh when he recommended her to a theatre agent for the role of Scarlett OHara in Gone with the Wind. [137] In April 1996, she appeared in the Centenary of Cinema stamp issue (with Sir Laurence Olivier) and in April 2013 was again included in another series, this time celebrating the 100th anniversary of her birth. She'd have crawled over broken glass if she thought it would help her performance." Being a film starjust a film staris such a false life, lived for fake values and for publicity. Although Leigh was initially typecast as a fickle coquette, she began to explore more dynamic roles by doing Shakespearean plays at the Old Vic in London, England. This proved to be a huge turning point in the couples marriage, as Olivier thrived and Leighs depression only worsened. Olivier later came to recognise the symptoms of an impending episodeseveral days of hyperactivity followed by a period of depression and an explosive breakdown, after which Leigh would have no memory of the event, but would be acutely embarrassed and remorseful. "You're the only person in the world who could make hideously selfish me love another more than I do myself.". The papers of Leigh, including letters, photographs, contracts and diaries, are owned by her daughter, Mrs. Suzanne Farrington. [122] In 1968, Leigh became the first actress honoured in the United States by "The Friends of the Libraries at the University of Southern California". Vivien Leigh was a British actress who twice won the Academy Award for Best Actress, for her performances as Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939) and Blanche DuBois in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951). [63] The couple had invested almost all of their combined savings of $40,000 in the project, and the failure was a financial disaster for them. Olivier paid his respects, and "stood and prayed for forgiveness for all the evils that had sprung up between us",[117] before helping Merivale make funeral arrangements; Olivier stayed until her body was removed from the flat. Now she's in command of me. Nearing the end of her career, which ranged from Nol Coward comedies to Shakespearean tragedies, she observed, "It's much easier to make people cry than to make them laugh. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress twice, for her definitive performances as Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939) and Blanche DuBois in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), a role she had also played on stage in London's West End in 1949. [6] Ernest and Gertrude Hartley were married in 1912 in Kensington, London. Her. In 2013, the Victoria and Albert Museum in London purchased her personal archives, which includes her personal diaries and previously unseen photographs. [79], Leigh next sought the role of Blanche DuBois in the West End stage production of Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire and was cast after Williams and the play's producer Irene Mayer Selznick saw her in The School for Scandal and Antigone; Olivier was contracted to direct. One such article was from the Daily Express, in which the interviewer noted "a lightning change came over her face", which was the first public mention of the rapid changes in mood which had become characteristic of her. It is said that the couples relationship was not intimate and that Esmond preferred women, according to Laurence Olivier: A Biography by Donald Spoto. In 1951, Leigh was heavily criticized by film critic Kenneth Tynan for her performances as Cleopatra in both William Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra alongside her husband. She began acting in 1935 first in the play, "The Bash," and the movie, "Things Are Looking Up," according to The Royal Philatelic Society London. Although her career had periods of inactivity, in 1999 the American Film Institute ranked Leigh as the 16th-greatest female movie star of classic Hollywood cinema. The actress spent several weeks in the hospital, during which time Olivier wrote to her constantly. It wasn't long before she began to drink heavily. Nol Coward expressed surprise in his diary that "things had been bad and getting worse since 1948 or thereabouts". [21] She engaged an agent, John Gliddon, who believed that "Vivian Holman" was not a suitable name for an actress. FREE delivery Jan 9 - 31. In December 1939, film critic Frank Nugent wrote in The New York Times, "Miss Leigh's Scarlett has vindicated the absurd talent quest that indirectly turned her up. Vivien Leigh suffered from bipolar disorder, which provoked wild mood swings, impulsive behaviour. She was able to perform without mishap, and by the following day she had returned to normal with no recollection of the event. The play also had strong supporters,[83] among them Nol Coward, who described Leigh as "magnificent".[84]. McBean's last portrait of Leigh was taken in 1965, two years before her death at 53. Just before she began rehearsing for a London production of A Delicate Balance in 1967, Leigh fell seriously ill. A month passed before she finally succumbed to her tuberculosis, on July 8, 1967, at the age of 53, in London, England. The movie broke box office records, according to GuinnessWorld Records,and won eight Academy Awards, according to IMDb. After completing her drama school education, Leigh appeared in small roles in four films in 1935 and progressed to the role of heroine in Fire Over England (1937). On July 8, Vivien Leigh was announced dead, and every theater in London's West End extinguished their marquee lights for one hour in her honor. Though she was advised to stop acting, Leigh persisted with her longtime passion. "[87] Olivier accompanied her to Hollywood where he was to co-star with Jennifer Jones in William Wyler's Carrie (1952). In 1949, she was cast as Blanche DuBois in a West End production of A Streetcar Named Desire. Olivier, 28, stopped by to congratulate the rising star, then in her early 20s, on her performance. That changed in 1949 when Leigh won the part of Blanche Du Bois in a London production of Tennessee Williams's play, A Streetcar Named Desire. The couple returned to England in 1943 to help with the war effort. Shortly after filming commenced, she had a nervous breakdown and Paramount Pictures replaced her with Elizabeth Taylor. In a letter to Leigh, Olivier advised her it was for the best, according to the Guardian. Setdart When the actress died from tuberculosis at the age of 53, Bonet was invited to her funeral,. However, the decision paid off as the film smashed box office records, and garnered 13 Academy Award nominations and eight winsincluding one for Leigh as best actress. Soon after, Leigh made theater history by starring alongside Olivier in simultaneous London stage productions of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatraboth of which were critical successes. As work progressed, however, he became "full of admiration" for "the greatest determination to excel of any actress I've known. She had two great concerns: doing her best work in an extremely difficult role and being separated from Larry [Olivier], who was in New York. In May 1967, Leigh was rehearsing to appear in Edward Albee's A Delicate Balance. With the full support of her mother's long-time caretaker and partner Jack Merivale, she received the private papers of Vivien Leigh, which included letters, photographs, contracts and diaries from 1932 onwards. After rejecting his many suggestions, she took "Vivian Leigh" as her professional name. Often, Leigh would not remember any of this happening but would feel sorry for those around her once they told her what she had done. I love you with, oh everything somehow, with a special kind of soul.. McBean's handwritten inscription is found on the back of the print. He refused to allow her to join Olivier in Pride and Prejudice (1940), and Greer Garson played the role Leigh had wanted for herself. [18][a], Leigh's friends suggested she take a minor role as a schoolgirl in the film Things Are Looking Up, which was her film debut, albeit uncredited as an extra. Vivien who was Laurence Olivier's greatest love died from TB at age 53 Their affair began while on set for Fire Over England, despite both being married Vivien had film success as Blanche. Olivier helped Merivale make funeral arrangements and stayed with Leigh until her body was removed. Vivien started living with Jack Merivale, who later joined her for a tour of Australia, New Zealand and South America which lasted from July 1961. to May 1962. The divorce was finalized later that year and Olivier went on to marry Plowright. I want to say thank you for understanding it all for my sake, wrote Olivier in a letter to Leigh regarding their divorce, according to The Guardian. [123] The ceremony was conducted as a memorial service, with selections from her films shown and tributes provided by such associates as George Cukor, who screened the tests that Leigh had made for Gone with the Wind, the first time the screen tests had been seen in 30 years. .css-m6thd4{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;display:block;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;font-family:Gilroy,Helvetica,Arial,Sans-serif;font-size:1.125rem;line-height:1.2;font-weight:bold;color:#323232;text-transform:capitalize;}@media (any-hover: hover){.css-m6thd4:hover{color:link-hover;}}Jennifer Garner Loves This Drugstore Skin Tint, Kerry Washington Loves This Game Changer Retinol, Matthew Perry Removes Keanu Reeves from His Book, Matthew McConaughey, Woody Harrelson Might Be Sibs, Jennifer Garner's Hair-Thickening Secret Is $28, 10 Surprising Facts about the Phantom of the Opera, Arnold Schwarzenegger, King of the Viral PSA Video, Dracula: 10 Actors Who Played the Infamous Vampire, 10 Things You Might Not Know about Jeremy Renner, Adam Sandler's Favorite Sneakers Are on Sale Now. The change of pace seemed to do her good, as she re-emerged to take part in several successful performances during the 1960s. [40], Olivier had been attempting to broaden his film career. Actress: A Streetcar Named Desire. [32] During this period, Leigh read the Margaret Mitchell novel Gone with the Wind and instructed her American agent to recommend her to David O. Selznick, who was planning a film version. "Please please my angel send me word of what the doctor said, + if it is possible ask him to send me a report," he wrote from Paris. The family returned to England when Hartley was six years old. She and Olivia de Havilland secretly met with Cukor at night and on weekends for his advice about how they should play their parts. Despite this, Leigh was offered the part of Isabella, a secondary character in Wuthering Heights. [50] On a long-distance telephone call to Olivier, she declared: "Puss, my puss, how I hate film acting! But playing her tipped me into madness.". The union produced a daughter and her stage identity changing the spelling of her first name from "Vivian" to "Vivien" and adding Leigh, according to Biography. Leigh's performance in A Streetcar Named Desire won glowing reviews, as well as a second Academy Award for Best Actress,[88] a British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) Award for Best British Actress, and a New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress. David Niven said she had been "quite, quite mad". "[134] He was also critical of her reinterpretation of Lady Macbeth in 1955, saying that her performance was insubstantial and lacked the necessary fury demanded of the role. However, her tuberculosis recurred and she was put on bed rest for several weeks. An impressive list of Hollywood's top actresses, including Katharine Hepburn and Bette Davis, had long been vying for the part by the time Leigh, who was on a two-week vacation in California, took and passed the screen test. Vivien Leigh's Death - Cause and Date Born (Birthday) November 5, 1913 Death Date July 8, 1967 Age of Death 53 years Cause of Death Tuberculosis Place of Death Belgravia, London, United Kingdom Profession Movie Actress The movie actress Vivien Leigh died at the age of 53. Never to me But to yourself and because of that to others. It seemed to be Oliviers letters that kept Leigh going, and her performance in Gone with the Wind ultimately brought her much success and fame on the silver screen. Gone with the Wind remains one of the most iconic pictures in cinema history. After Olivier remarried and started a new family, Leigh moved in with a younger actor named Jack Merivale. [97] Leigh's romantic relationship with Finch began in 1948, and waxed and waned for several years, ultimately flickering out as her mental condition deteriorated. "Vivien is several thousand miles away, trembling on the edge of a cliff, even when she's sitting quietly in her own drawing room," Olivier once said. Olivier was later knighted in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace, which granted Leigh the title of Lady Olivier. In February 1938, Leigh made a request to Myron Selznick that she be considered to play the part of Scarlett O'Hara. When asked if she believed her beauty had been an impediment to being taken seriously as an actress, she said, "People think that if you look fairly reasonable, you can't possibly act, and as I only care about acting, I think beauty can be a great handicap, if you really want to look like the part you're playing, which isn't necessarily like you. This was love that I really didn't ask for but was drawn into." Lauded for her beauty, Leigh felt that her physical attributes sometimes prevented her from being taken seriously as an actress. Marking a sad and premature end to a career that was both tumultuous and triumphant, the London theater district blacked out its lights for a full hour in Leigh's honor. [108], Leigh's last screen appearance in Ship of Fools was both a triumph and emblematic of her illnesses that were taking root. This negative review made Leigh become fixated on failure and terrified of receiving other negative criticisms. No man could," Olivier said in Lord Larry: A Personal Portrait of Laurence Olivier. [106] Her first husband Leigh Holman also spent considerable time with her. Holman was granted custody of their child after their divorce. You did nobly and bravely and beautifully and I am very oh so sorry, very sorry, that it must have been much hell for you.". The couple's lost love letters finally shed some light on their whirlwind romance. In the mountains above Calcutta, a little princess is born. Gone with the Wind, 1939. Vivien Leigh. The play was a huge success and Leigh went on to portray DuBois in the film version. Though she receive great critical acclaim for her performance, the huge success of the play and film took an emotional toll on Leigh that she would later say tipped me over into madness.. [31] Olivier had seen Leigh in The Mask of Virtue earlier in May and congratulated her on her performance. Can you dance and be gay and carry on like the gay happy hypocrite days? If a film were made of the life of Vivien Leigh, it would open in India just before World War I, where a successful British businessman could live like a prince. [96] Over a period of several months, she gradually recovered. Still, the actress was dedicated to her career and did her best to keep up with the demands of the tour. Actors Sir Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh, at the wedding of actor Frank Thring and model Joan Cunliffe, Stratford-upon-Avon, England, November. The Oliviers remained favourites of Churchill, attending dinners and occasions at his request for the rest of his life; and, of Leigh, he was quoted as saying, "By Jove, she's a clinker. [55], Selznick observed that she had shown no enthusiasm for the part until Olivier had been confirmed as the lead actor, so he cast Joan Fontaine. Most audience members will likely best remember British actress Vivien Leigh from her two classic performances in the films Gone with the Wind and A Streetca. In 1985, a portrait of her was included in a series of United Kingdom postage stamps, along with Sir Alfred Hitchcock, Sir Charlie Chaplin, Peter Sellers and David Niven to commemorate "British Film Year". She also won a Tony Award for her work in the Broadway musical version of Tovarich (1963). In 1953, Leigh suffered a nervous breakdown shortly after arriving in Sri Lanka, then Ceylon, to film Elephant Walk with English-born Australian actor Peter Finch. Members of the company later recalled several quarrels between the couple as Olivier was increasingly resentful of the demands placed on him during the tour. 4. "She is a tragic figure and I understand her. Leigh turned down the offer, disappointed she was not offered the lead role of Cathy, according to A. Scott Berg in Goldwyn: A Biography. She had been attempting to walk to the bathroom and, as her lungs filled with liquid, she collapsed and suffocated. 1,712 likes, 20 comments - Vivien Leigh (@vivienleighlegend) on Instagram: "After Vivien Leigh's death, newspapers around the world published articles on Vivien . [64], The Oliviers filmed That Hamilton Woman (1941) with Olivier as Horatio Nelson and Leigh as Emma Hamilton. He was not well known in the United States despite his success in Britain, and earlier attempts to introduce him to American audiences had failed. [101], In 1956, Leigh took the lead role in the Nol Coward play South Sea Bubble, but withdrew from the production when she became pregnant. [18] When her father died on 8 February 1982, Suzanne inherited the Zeals house. That's the man I'm going to marry," she once told a friend after her initial meeting with Olivier, according to Michelangelo Capua in Vivien Leigh: A Biography. [14] The family returned to Britain in 1931. At the same time, Olivier began an affair with actress Joan Plowright, who was 22 years younger than him. We may earn commission from links on this page, but we only recommend products we back. She met Laurence Olivier working on the 1936 play, "The Mask of Virtue" in London, according to Harper's Bazaar. [17] On 12 October 1933 in London, she gave birth to a daughter, Suzanne, later Suzanne Farrington. [86] Kazan had favoured Jessica Tandy and later, Olivia de Havilland over Leigh, but knew she had been a success on the London stage as Blanche. Shortly after, her father enrolled Vivian at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in London. In light of the new Netflix series Hollywood, we're taking a look back at her. He was also married but the two became infatuated with each other and started an affair after being cast in the movie "Fire Over England" together in 1937. [27] In the playbill, Carroll had revised the spelling of her first name to "Vivien". At this point, Leigh had learned to recognize her symptoms before an episode, which involved several days of hyperactivity followed by a deep depression and a breakdown consisting of shivering fits and swear-filled tirades, according to The Hollywood Reporter. (Getty) Laurence and Vivien ended their marriage in 1960; a year later Laurence married actress Joan Plowright, while Vivien married Jack Merivale. Vivien Leigh was convent-educated in England and throughout Europe and was inspired by her schoolmate Maureen O'Sullivan to embark on an acting career. "Oh my hearts blood it is unbearable without you.". Hoping for relief, Leigh underwent electroshock therapy, which was very rudimentary at the time and sometimes left her with burn marks on her temples. If you or someone you know is struggling with mental health, please contact the Crisis Text Line by texting HOME to 741741, call the National Alliance on Mental Illness helpline at 1-800-950-NAMI (6264), or visit the National Institute of Mental Health website. Leigh travelled to Los Angeles, however, to be with Olivier and to try to convince David Selznick that she was the right person for the part. Olivier and Leigh were chagrined that part of the commercial success of the play lay in audience members attending to see what they believed would be a salacious story, rather than the Greek tragedy that they envisioned. [140] Also in 2013, Leigh was among the ten people selected by the Royal Mail for their "Great Britons" commemorative postage stamp issue. The Hollywood love story of Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier is remembered today as one filled with passion, romance, betrayal, and heartbreak. Vivien Leigh took her first major step into the public eye when she was cast as Henriette in the 1935 play The Mask of Virtue. She believed that comedy was more difficult to play than drama because it required more precise timing and said that more emphasis should be placed upon comedy as part of an actor's training. When he returned around midnight, he found Leigh asleep in bed. Finally having secured divorces from their respective spouses, Leigh and Olivier married in 1940, cementing their status as a powerhouse couple in the world of show business. By 1958, having kept up appearances for nearly 10 years, Leigh considered her marriage to be over. Oh sweet Baba, If we were together I expect this would seem quite exciting, but then that applies to everything in life, Leigh wrote in a letter to her husband on August 1, 1950 while on a plane, according to the Guardian. She is so perfectly designed for the part by art and nature that any other actress in the role would be inconceivable",[128] and as her fame escalated, she was featured on the cover of Time magazine as Scarlett. During the filming of the 1938 film A Yank in Oxford, Leigh suffered frequent mood swings and gained a repuation as unreasonable and difficult to work with. Later, he would observe that he "lost Vivien" in Australia. [93] Tynan's diatribe almost precipitated another collapse; Leigh, terrified of failure and intent on achieving greatness, dwelt on his comments and ignored the positive reviews of other critics. Leigh suffered severe insomnia at the time, and would sometimes let her understudy replace her in performances as she recovered. "[133], Her greatest critic was Kenneth Tynan who ridiculed Leigh's performance opposite Olivier in the 1955 production of Titus Andronicus, commenting that she "receives the news that she is about to be ravished on her husband's corpse with little more than the mild annoyance of one who would have preferred foam rubber. Known as The Laurence Olivier Archive, the collection includes many of Leigh's personal papers, including numerous letters she wrote to Olivier. We strive for accuracy and fairness.If you see something that doesn't look right,contact us! ", Olivier died of renal failure on July 11, 1989, at the age of 82 at his home in West Sussex. Bettmann // Getty Images 1940 McDaniel posed with her plaque for Best Supporting Role by an Actress, given at the 12th Annual. [22][b] Gliddon recommended her to Alexander Korda as a possible film actress, but Korda rejected her as lacking potential. Leigh's death certificate gave her date of death as 8 July 1967, although she may have died before midnight the night before. "[1], Merivale proved to be a stabilising influence for Leigh, but despite her apparent contentment, she was quoted by Radie Harris as confiding that she "would rather have lived a short life with Larry [Olivier] than face a long one without him". Olivier and Leigh began an affair while acting as lovers in Fire Over England (1937), while Olivier was still married to Esmond and Leigh to Holman. [h] In a survey of theatre critics conducted shortly after Leigh's death, several named her performance as Lady Macbeth as one of her greatest achievements in theatre. (CSU 2015 11 1437) RM E3JC1M - marlon brando,vivien leigh,a streetcar named desire He came to believe that Leigh's interpretation, in which Lady Macbeth uses her sexual allure to keep Macbeth enthralled, "made more sense than the usual battle-axe" portrayal of the character. Vivien Leigh (1913-1967), British actress, wearing a dark jacket with a pearl necklace in a studio portrait, circa 1940 ( Image: Getty Images) In 1953, Vivien was replaced by Elizabeth. Though Olivier was married to actress Jill Esmond at the time and Leigh was also married with a child, the pair took an immediate liking to one another. While filming Caesar and Cleopatra in 1945, Leigh learned she was pregnant but soon suffered a miscarriage, which is said to have happened after the actress slipped on set. [47][48] Leigh befriended Clark Gable, his wife Carole Lombard and Olivia de Havilland, but she clashed with Leslie Howard, with whom she was required to play several emotional scenes. The pair continued to co-star in movies and plays, but tried to stay out of the limelight, often taking breaks of several years between filmsthis was partly due to the deteriorating state of Leigh's mental health, as increasingly severe bouts of manic depression strained her relationship with Olivier and made it difficult for her to perform. Still, they had a son, Tarquin, who was born in August of 1936. "[110] Leigh's performance was tinged by paranoia and resulted in outbursts that marred her relationship with other actors, although both Simone Signoret and Lee Marvin were sympathetic and understanding.

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